BER Structural Biology and Imaging Resources
Synchrotron, Neutron, and Cryo-EM
U.S. Department of Energy | Office of Science | Office of Biological and Environmental Research

“Missing Link” in Evolutionary History of the Carbon-Fixing Protein Rubisco

October 7, 2020

Feature Story

A ribbon diagram (left) and molecular surface representation (right) of carbon-fixing form I’ Rubisco, showing eight molecular subunits without the small subunits. An x-ray diffraction pattern of the enzyme is in the background. [Courtesy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory]

Researchers have discovered a unique, ancient version of Rubisco, the most abundant enzyme on Earth and critical to life as we know it. Found in previously unknown environmental microbes, the newly identified Rubisco lineage, called form I’ Rubisco, provides insight into the evolution of the photosynthetic organisms that underlie global food chains.

Contributing to this discovery were scientists at the Structurally Integrated Biology for the Life Sciences (SIBYLS) beamline 12.3.1, located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Advanced Light Source. By analyzing size-exclusion chromatography/small-angle X-ray scattering (SEC-SAXS) data collected at SIBYLS, the team was able to capture how the enzyme’s structure changes during different states of activity.

Reference
Banda, D. M., et al. 2020. “Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco,” Nature Plants 6, 1158–66. [DOI:10.1038/s41477-020-00762-4]